Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs)
Genetically Modified (GM) Food
When you stop buying GM
foods you are not only protecting your own health, you are literally saving the
ecosystem of our planet and the destruction of our food supply !
…There is more than a casual association between GM
foods and adverse health effects. There is causation…"
The American Academy
of Environmental Medicine (AAEM)
"When future historians come to write about our
era they are not going to write about the tons of chemicals we did or didn't
apply. When it comes to glyphosate (Round-Up) they are going to write about our
willingness to sacrifice our children and to jeopardize our very existence by
risking the sustainability of our agriculture; all based upon failed promises
and flawed science.
The only benefit is that it affects the
bottom-line of a few companies. There's no nutritional value."
Huber, an expert on GM toxicity in foods, who has taught plant pathology,
soil microbiology, and micro-ecological
interactions as they relate to plant disease
as a Professor on staff at Purdue University for 35 years.
widespread is GMO cultivation?
of GMO results after 30 years
Link to an article by Jeffrey Smith, author of best-seller “Seeds of Deception”,
that tells of the overwhelming evidence discovered by scientists on the serious
and irreversible harm ensuing from GMO’s in our diet today, and let’s you know
the great lengths that companies go to in an effort to cover-up this evidence
and discredit these brave whistle-blowing scientists:
Overwhelming Evidence against GMOs
What are GMO’s?
How GMO’s are created
Artificially inserting genes into the DNA of an
organism, usually food crops or animals -
Genetic Modification (GM) can be engineered using recombinant DNA
technology, which combines DNA molecules from bacteria, viruses, insects,
plants, animals, or even humans into one molecule to create a new set of genes.
This DNA is then transferred into an organism. Transgenic organisms, in
particular, have DNA inserted that originated in a different species (called
horizontal gene transfer).
Elimination or alteration of genes
The three main current uses of GMOs in crops
(1) Herbicide tolerance (~63%)
Herbicide resistant GM plants -
most crops have been
to tolerate direct application of glyphosate, commonly known by the trade
name ROUNDUP. Monsanto’s Roundup is the most widely used
herbicide in the world, and contrary to the popular belief propagated by
glyphosate use has significantly increased with the use of GM crops.
While exact figures are a closely guarded secret because of the USDA's
refusal to update its
Data show that glyphosate use in the U.S.
more than doubled from 2005 to 2010 (E.g. 57 million pounds of glyphosate
applied to corn fi elds in 2010 compared to 23 million pounds in 2005 and 4.4
million in 2000)
USDA. 2010. Agricultural Chemical Use Program. National Agricultural Statistics
This is a serious problem for more reasons than
GM food crops saturated
with more herbicides than ever before -
which ends up in
your body when you eat them;
Gyphosate may be killing the soil itself -This startling
conclusion comes straight from one of the USDA’s own scientists, Dr. Kremer.
However, his employer has opted to more or less ignore his findings, which,
according to this
article in Grist, include evidence that glyphosate causes:
Damage to beneficial microbes in the soil - increasing
the likelihood of infection of a crop by soil pathogens;
Interference with nutrient uptake by the plant –
E.g. iron, manganese and zinc can be reduced by as much as 80-90 % in GM plants.
Any herbicide or pesticide is a metal chelator, it grabs onto and immobilizes
micronutrients, and according to Dr. Huber, an expert on GM toxicity in foods,
who has taught plant pathology, soil microbiology, and micro-ecological
interactions as they relate to plant disease as a Professor on staff at Purdue
University for 35 years:
“Glyphosate is very unique and was first
patented as a chelator by Stauffer Chemical Co. in 1964, because it could
bind with any positively charged ion. If you look at the essential minerals
for plants, you see calcium, magnesium, potassium, copper, iron, manganese,
zinc, and all of those other critical transition elements … they all have an
ion associated with them. It's the micronutrient that is an ion—that is really
critical for a particular enzyme function.
…You have to
realize that this mode of action immobilizes a critical essential nutrient.
Those nutrients aren't just required by the weed, but they're required by
microorganisms. They're required by us for our own physiologic functions. So if
it's immobilized, it may be present if we do a regular test, but it's not
available in the same efficiency that
it would have been if it wasn't chelated with glyphosate…"
Reduced efficiency of symbiotic nitrogen
Overall lower-than-expected plant productivity
Weeds becoming “Super Weeds” -
reports of glyphosate-resistant weeds, or “super weeds,” have been
on the rise since GM crops started gaining momentum, and these weeds now total
15 species—up from 2 species in the 1990s.
According to the
British Institute of Science in Society, the US has fared the worst, now combating 13 different
glyphosate-resistant weed species in 73 different locations. E.g.
Thousands of acres
in the South have been abandoned to resistant strains of giant pigweed.
(2) Insect Resistance (~18%)
Insect resistant GM Plants produce their own
Bt-toxins to kill bugs -
GM corn and cotton
are engineered to produce built-in pesticide Bt-toxin. This chemical is produced
by Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt)
bacteria in soil. When bugs bite the plant and consume the Bt-toxin,
it kills them by splitting open their stomachs.
Pests have become more resistant -
in the U.S., GM crop production actually
increased pesticide use by more than 4% between 1996 and 2004, despite early
signs that GM use might be tied to an overall decline.
Engineered GM Bt-toxin, touted as safe by biotech
companies, is not safe:
1000’s of times more
concentrated than spray on form - although used by organic farmers as a
bacterial spray against insects, the Bt-toxin produced in GM plants is thousands
of times more concentrated and can not be washed off the plant.
Designed to be more toxic
properties of an allergen.
Even the less toxic
“natural” spray can be harmful –
according to studies, when dispersed by
planes to kill gypsy moths in Washington and Vancouver, about 500 people
reported allergy or flu-like symptoms. The same symptoms are now reported by
farm workers from handling Bt cotton throughout India.
Washington State Department of Health, "Report of health surveillance
activities: Asian gypsy moth control program," (Olympia, WA:
Washington State Dept. of Health, 1993;
Green M et al., "Public health implications of the microbial pesticide
Bacillus thuringiensis: An epidemiological study, Oregon, 1985-86," Amer.
J. Public Health 8;
Ashish Gupta et. al., "Impact of Bt Cotton on Farmers’ Health (in Barwani and
Dhar District of Madhya Pradesh)," Investigation Report, Oct–Dec 2005.
(3) “Stacked” (The rest %)
A combination of both herbicide tolerance and
GMO Uses Under Experimentation
Increased yield GM plants are promoted by Monsanto as
part of the global solution to impending food shortage crisis,
although there are currently no GM crops available to increase yields.
GM modified plants supposed to increase yields but don’t -
New study shows that yield improvements have
actually come as a result of improved farming practices and traditional plant
breeding, not gene splicing, and concluding that modified crops won’t help solve
poverty, hunger, or climate change. Despite those findings, 13.3 million farmers
continue to plant modified seeds.
Livestock producers and feed makers are pushing
for this technology
2008 Report of 400 scientists approved by 50 countries casts serious
doubt on GM crop role in addressing food security – and pointed to
more effective alternatives.
Climate Resistant Plants (“Climate ready”)
There is a significant investment into research to develop GM crops that
may be able to adapt to changing climate conditions like drought and extreme
one project called “Water Efficient Maize for Africa” to develop
drought-tolerant corn. However, substantial technical obstacles are delaying
this possibility for 5–10 years, or maybe never.
How widespread is GMO cultivation?
GM Crops are World-wide
America currently leads the world in GM crop acreage with 123 million - followed by
Argentina (42 million) and Brazil (23 million). Soybeans topped the list of GM
crops worldwide at 60%, followed by maize (corn) at 24% and cotton 11%.
GM crops available commercially since 1996 –
GM planted acreage
has been growing at annual double-digit rates. Small farmers in countries such
as China, India, and Brazil are making more use of GMO plants that allow them to
grow more crops while reducing pesticide use.
How much of our crops are genetically modified?
GM food crops grown by
U.S. farmers include corn, cotton, soybeans, canola, squash, papaya, alfalfa,
sugar beets -
Other commercially available GM crops, such as
potatoes, and sweet corn, have yet to be widely adopted by farmers.
Currently on the way is GM salmon, which will be the first approved non-crop GM
food. As of 2011, close to 100% of the following crops and foods are genetically
>95% of soybean crop –
is genetically engineered not to die
when sprayed with round up herbicides.
86% of corn -
is genetically engineered to produce an insecticide or survive applications of
93% of canola oil
93% of cottonseed oil
- is a from a GM variety
95% of sugarbeets (2008-2009) –
were “Round-up” ready; the courts then banned planting of GM sugarbeets and
reapproved it in 2011
Nearly 1/3 of the
agricultural land in the U.S. - is planted in
The U.S., Canada,
and Argentina together grow 80% of all commercial biotech crops
Beet sugar – has recently
entered the market;
Rice is next -
Iran is already using gene-altered rice and in China, scientists
are developing a wide variety of modified crops.
Rice comprises nearly half the total calories eaten by the human race.
More than half the fields in Argentina and
Paraguay sown with GMO plants
Some European countries have banned GMOs -
with advocacy groups long pointing out the
environmental risks of GMO crops.
banned cultivation of genetically-modified (GM) crops for scientific and
commercial reasons (3/2010).
Germany has banned the
cultivation of GM corn
(4/2009) - claiming that Monsanto’s MON 810 is dangerous for the
environment. MON810 produces a toxin to fight off the voracious larvae of the
corn borer moth.
Five E.U. member states
currently apply 'safeguard clauses' on GMOs in the EU banning cultivation of
Austria, France, Greece, Hungary and Luxembourg.
Several other European
countries are now growing some biotech crops -
Spain uses them widely.
GMO’s are contaminating non-GM crops
Even if the U.S.D.A acts on the spread of GM
crops in the U.S., it won't stop their proliferation in other nations -
Almost 100 million acres of GM crops are planted in the U.S.. It is
becoming increasingly difficult for non-GMO crops in the area to be truly
"organic", as GM crops produce pollen that contaminates the organic crops as far
as the winds, birds and bees will carry them.
Monsanto controls Agribusiness
GM seeds are patented -
Monsanto’s GM crop
traits are found in more than 85% of global GM crop hectares, and the company
controls 23% of the global proprietary seed market.
Cost of GM seed is sky-rocketing
Seed used to be fairly
largely due to the practice of planting seed collected and saved
from the previous year. With GM seeds, this traditional farming practice is no
longer employed and farmers must buy new seed each year.
GM Seed prices have
recently sky-rocketed -
the 2009 Organic Center report, titled The
Magnitude and Impacts of the Biotech and Organic Seed Price Premium, states that
farmers who purchase Monsanto’s Roundup Ready 2 soybeans in 2010 will pay 42%
more per bag than they paid in 2009. Contrast this to the overall rise of 63% in
soybean seed prices over the last 25 years.
Summary of GMO Results
after 30 years
After 30 years of GMO experimentation,
the data shows:
No increase in yields -
on the contrary GM soya has decreased yields by up to 20 percent
compared with non-GM soya. Up to 100% failures of Bt cotton have been recorded
in India. And studies by scientists from the USDA and the University of Georgia
in 2008 found that
growing GM cotton
in the U.S. can result in a drop in income by up to 40%.
No reduction in pesticides use -
on the contrary, USDA data shows that GM crops have increased
pesticide use by 50 million pounds from 1996 to 2003 in the U.S., and the use of
glyphosate went up more than 15-fold between 1994 and 2005, along with increases
in other herbicides to cope with rising glyphosate resistant superweeds.
Roundup herbicide is
lethal to frogs and toxic to human placental and embryonic cells -
Roundup is used in more than 80% of all
GM crops planted in the world.
GM crops harm wildlife -
as revealed by UK
and U.S. studies
Bt resistant pests and Roundup tolerant
superweeds render the two major GM crop traits useless - The evolution of
Bt resistant bollworms worldwide have been confirmed and documented.
Epidemic of suicides in the cotton belt of India
- According to the National Crime Records Bureau
of India, more than 182,900 Indian farmers took their own lives between 1997 and
2007 as a result of failed GM crops. It estimates 46 Indian
farmers commit suicide every day.
Transgene contamination is completely unavoidable
- as science has recently revealed that the
genome (whether plant, animal or human) is NOT constant and static, which is the
scientific base for genetic engineering of plants and animals. Instead,
geneticists have discovered that the genome is remarkably dynamic and
changeable, and constantly ‘conversing’ and adapting to the environment. This
interaction determines which genes are turned on, when, where, by what and how
much, and for how long. They’ve also found that the genetic material itself has
the ability to be changed according to experience, passing it on to subsequent
GM food and feed linked to deaths and sicknesses
- both in the fields in India and in lab tests
around the world.
about GMOs :
www.ResponsibleTechnology.org - There you can also order additional
guides to hand out to friends, health care practitioners, and decision makers
within your community, along with free online videos, pod casts, and articles
that you can repost and republish.