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Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation (CES)

Pulsed Electromagnetic Field (PEMF) Therapy):

Application of PEMF (pulsed electromagnetic field) therapy. Methods / Treatment duration

Application of PEMF Therapy

Two types of PEMF applications

Non-invasive PEMF therapy is provided via:

(1) Capacitative coupling.   Opposing electrodes are placed in direct contact with the skin on either side of the area of interest.

(2)  Inductive coupling.   A time-varying magnetic field of a PEMF induces an electric field, which produces an electric current in body tissue without direct skin contact. This is the more common application.

Treatment duration times

Longer term exposures to PEMFs are associated with more successful results. (Persinger, 1974)

Treatment times can vary from ~20 mins to up to 10 hours / day.   Depending on condition being treated and parameters being used.

Application methods for PEMF

Full body mat for complete body therapy

A full body mat allows you to relax during therapy.    An encouragement for regular sessions.

Field needs to switch polarity about every 2 minutes.   Prevents the body becoming immune to just one polarity.

Separate coils should be located at head/neck, torso/hips and legs/feet with EM field strengths increasing from the head towards the feet (Lower field strength coils have a lower number of wire turns). The head is sensitive, but the feet are tolerant of higher field strengths, since they are usually closer to the ground where the earth's geomagnetic field is greater. Wire mesh mats, E.g. on Bemer 3000, Medithera and QRS Quantron, boast a more uniform field via a single oval loop on their mats. However, since this yields the same field strength from head to feet, the electromagnetic field strength used is limited to what the head can tolerate.  Mat coils are better when made of tightly wound copper.

Treatment session length.    Treatment times on a PEMF therapy full body mat are typically less than 10 mins twice / day.

Wands, probes or pads

Usually have higher electromagnetic field strengths than a mat.   This allows deeper penetration into body tissues and the ability to focus therapy on specific areas of need.

PEMF devices available

Some PEMF devices available


Persinger MA (1974), ELF electric and magnetic field effects: ELF Electric and Magnetic Field Effects: The Patterns and the Problems. p. 275. Link


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Pulsed Electromagnetic Field Therapy (PEMFT)


       "The medical kit of the future"

The Body Electric

General electrotherapy health benefits.   Used systemically and/or locally at specific problem areas of the body, its effective application has many benefits:

Detoxification Wellness / Healthy aging Pain relief 
Relief from insomnia Immune system restoral Anti-Inflammatory
Maximizes cellular energy production Accelerated tissue /bone
/scar healing
Stress Reduction
Muscle relaxation / rehabilitation Increased blood oxygen
/ circulation

There are several reasonably affordable electrotherapy devices available for personal use. The following electrotherapies are those that have received a significant amount of positive feedback:

Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation (CES) applies specific frequency patterns to the head area, with the following benefits:

Balances neurotransmitters Relieves pain Treats depression
Substance abuse withdrawal Relieves insomnia Relieve stress / anxiety
Anti-Inflammatory Fibromyalgia +++