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Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease (HFMD)

hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD)

About

Highly contagious viral infection - most often the Coxsackie A16 virus (CAV 16) or enterovirus 71 (EV 71), Can also be coxsackie viruses A16, A4, A5, A9, A10, B2 and B5

Infants and children under 5 years are the most likely to get HFMD

Not the same as the “hoof and mouth”disease that affects cows, pigs and sheep

Symptoms

Symptoms last 1-2 weeks and include:

Usually begins with fever, malaise, reduced appetite, sore throat

Painful oral sores - rapidly-ulcerating vesicles on the buccal mucosa, tongue, palate and gums

Rash with flat red spots on palms, fingers, soles of feet, and sometimes buttocks, knees and elbows

Possible vomiting, diarrhea

Complications (particularly with EV 71) are rare, but include encephalitis, aseptic meningitis, acute flaccid paralysis, pulmonary edema or hemorrhage and myocarditis. Most deaths in HFMD occur as a result of pulmonary edema or hemorrhage

Transmission

EV 71 transmission is thought to be predominantly via the respiratory route

Viruses exist in throat secretions (Eg. Saliva, sputum, nasal mucus), blister fluid and feces

Most contagious in first week of illness but may continue to be contagious for several more weeks, even after symptoms are gone.

Adults can carry / spread the virus without developing symptoms

Risk increased by poor hygiene

Anyone getting HFMD develops immunity to the specific virus responsible

Treatment

Typically HFMD is self-limiting and will resolve itself in a week or so

Boost immune system –probiotics, electromedicine (Eg. SOTA Silver Pulser very effectively boosts immune system activity)

Topical antivirals –ionic colloidal silver (make it yourself using, for example, the SOTA silver pulser), Organic, virgin coconut oil is also anti-viral

Wash towels, linens, clothes in hot water to prevent transmission

Consume Ionic Colloidal Silver (ICS) –2-4 oz twice daily. Add 1 drop Hydrogen Peroxide to 4 oz ICS and allow to sit for 15 minutes to stabilize, for the purpose of enhancing its absorption out of the stomach / small intestines and into the blood.

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