Acne - Causes and Treatment
(Acne Vulgaris/ Cystic
The most common skin disease addressed by dermatologists –
acne, a condition presenting unsightly red and swollen follicles that we
call pimples, affects ~85% of the population at some time in their life,
including adults. Most teens get the type of acne called acne vulgaris, which
can appear on face, neck, shoulders, back and chest (these are the locations
where most sebum-secreting sebaceous glands are found).
Appearing on the face as it does, it
obviously causes its owner significant psychological stress.
Types of acne “lumps and
(Closed comedone) - clogged follicle; usually small, round, white bumps on skin.
(Open comedone) -
plugged follicle that opens and turns dark at
the surface of the skin; the black is not indicative of dirt.
(occurs when comedones rupture, spreading bacteria with
inflamed lesions; seen as small, pink bumps on the skin.
(pimples) -- inflamed pus-filled lesions; red at their base.
Cysts and nodules
-- large, inflamed, pus-filled lesions deep
under the skin; can cause pain and scarring.
Acne can be a chronic problem –
sometimes lasting several years
What causes or aggravates Acne?
Acne is caused by the combination of too much
sebum and a buildup of dead skin cells:
Increased sebum and excess skin cells can clog
Excess sebum trapped behind blockage promotes
over-colonization of Propionibacterium acnes bacteria in skin --►
Inflammatory acne flare-up
Blood sugar “Roller Coaster” ride aggravates acne
Hormonal and other,
as yet, elusive factors are involved with acne –
E.g. stress and elevated
What Causes /
Treatments for Acne?
sugar (Minimize sugar and grains)
Drink plenty of
Get enough sleep
Take a “Sunbath”
Treatments for Acne