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Sweeteners

Sweeteners

"Sickly Sweet" - Non-Nutritive Sweetener (NNS) - Maybe Not SUch A Sweet Deal

Allulose - "All (the weight) u Lose 😊"

What is it?

Allulose (a.k.a. D-piscose) is a promising low calorie sugar substitute that is demonstrating both antihyperglycemic (preventing weight gain/obesity) and anti-lipidemic (preventing ischaemic CVD) effects.   It has 0.4 calories/g (<10% of the calories of sugar), is ~70% as sweet, can be used like sugar E.g.  in baking and to sweeten beverages, and is reported to leave no unpleasant after-taste when mixed with other foods.  It browns in baking, melts, caramelizes in candies and syrups, and it disperses well in batter without needing additional water. Finally it does not recrystalize like erythritol and is less grainy in uncooked foods, such as whipped cream. Allulose is sold as crystallized granules and as a syrup.

Allulose is a simple sugar found in nature, but not in abundance.   E.g. it is found in trace amounts in raisins, figs, kiwi, maple syrup, molasses and wheat. This monosaccharide has the same chemical formula as fructose.

Production method.    Typically, corn is broken down into starch and fructose. Genetically engineered enzymes convert fructose to allulose, but these GMO enzymes are removed from the final product, which would ostensibly make it non-GMO. However,  with some companies, this is a moot point since they are using GMO corn.  Feasably in the future, these companies may choose to use non-GMO corn or some other source such as sugar cane.

Some brand-names of allulose.   
Brand Non-GMO Manufacturer Cost (Dec 2019)
Dolcia Prima® N Tate and Lyle  
Wholesome Sweeteners® Y    
 All Sweet® Y Korean  
Health Garden® Y    
Nutricost® Y    
Better Foods Y   2# /$20 on amazon
Keystone pantry Y   2# / $20 (amazon)
20# / $140 (amazon)
Fit Lane Y   2# / $18 (amazon)

Now typically selling for ~$12 - $18 per pound (Dec 2019).    Certainly not as cheap as sugar!

Allulose does not raise blood sugar,cause weight gain, or cause dental caries

Essentially allulose has a net carb count of zero calories

Although 70-84% of allulose is absorbed from the intestines, it is  eliminated in the urine without being metabolized.

Allulose consumption does not seem to raise blood sugar or INSULIN.  The body absorbs allulose but does not metabolize it into glucose

Supporting studies

Introduced in 2015, allulose was FDA-approved in April 2019.   At time of writing, research has been limited but promising - especially regarding weight loss and blood sugar management.

A 2017 rat study found that rats who drank allulose syrup for 10 weeks gained less weight, had less body fat, and had lower blood glucose and INSULIN levels than rats who were given the same amount of high-fructose corn syrup. The amount of hepatic glycogen was more than 3 times higher in the allulose group. Results implied that allulose maintains glucose tolerance (preventing prediabetes) and INSULIN sensitivity. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 2017

A small 20 person study found that acute D-psicose administration decreased the glycemic responses to an oral maltodextrin tolerance test in normal adults.  Consuming allulose lowered subjects' blood sugar and insulin levels and may be suitable for diabetics. PubMed

Human trials showed that allulose attenuates postprandial glucose levels in healthy subjects and in borderline diabetic subjects Science Direct  https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19155592

Korean randomized/placebo-controlled preliminary study with 121 adults found that body fat percentage and body fat mass were significantly decreased following D-allulose supplementation.  "The high D-allulose group (taking 7g D-allulose twice daily) revealed a significant decrease in not only body mass index (BMI), but also total abdominal and subcutaneous fat areas measured by CT scans compared to the placebo group. There were no significant differences in nutrient intake, plasma lipid profiles, markers of liver and kidney function, and major inflammation markers among groups."    pdf

Obviously, significantly more human research is needed before we can do a "Eureka sugar dance".

Side effects

Consumption can result in flatulence, abdominal discomfort and diarrhea.   By causing incomplete absorption of carbs from the GI tract, these carbs can then be fermented by intestinal flora.  The maximum "non-effect dose" of allulose in causing diarrhea in humans has been found to be 0.55 g/kg of body weight (~34g for a 130 pound person). This is higher than that of most sugar alcohols (0.17 - 0.42 g/kg), but is less than that of erythritol (0.66 - 1.0+ g/kg). Wikipedia

Other information

The U.S. FDA has ruled that allulose can be excluded from total and added sugar counts on nutrition labels.

Name Calories / Gram Sweetness Index Glycemic Index Calories / Spoon-Equiv. sweetness to sugar Taste Aftertaste
Allulose 0.4 0.7 0 0.5 Good No

DISCLAIMER: The content on this website is intended for informational, and educational purposes only and not as a substitute for the medical advice, treatment or diagnosis of a licensed health professional. The author of this website is a researcher, not a health professional, and shall in no event be held liable to any party for any direct, indirect, special, incidental, punitive or other damages arising from any use of the content of this website. Any references to health benefits of specifically named products on this site are this website author's sole opinion and are not approved or supported by their manufacturers or distributors.
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   Electrotherapy

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