Heal Yourself at Home



Lectins Prolamins and agglutinins - The dietary lectins that cause health problems

Prolamins and agglutinins: The dietary lectins that cause health problems

 The only two classes of lectins known to be problematic for human health

1. Prolamins (high-content of proline and glutamine amino acids)

What harm do prolamins cause in the body?

 Can cause inflammation / damage to intestinal wall,  immune system modulation, alter gut microbiome (dysbiosis);

Which foods contain high levels of prolamins?

Prolamins are prevalent in grains.     They include:

•    Gliadin.  The digestive-troubling half of gluten (the other 50% is glutenin), responsible for digestive problems in those with celiac disease;    Gliadin is in wheat, rye, barley, triticale; there are 3 gliadin groups: α/β-gliadins, γ-gliadins, and ω-gliadins

Wheat seed is 2.8% - 8.8% gliadin ( ~40% of its 7-22% protein).   Although refined wheat products contain less wheatgerm agglutinin (WGA) than unrefined wheat, they still contain a substantial amount of gluten:

• All-Purpose Flour.    3.2% - 4.4% gliadin  (~40% of its 8% -11% protein); hard/soft berry blend; bleached flour has less protein/gluten/gliadin than unbleached flour.

• Bread flour.    4.8% - 5.6% gliadin  (~40% of its 12% - 14% protein ); hard high-protein wheat;  unbleached;

•   Zein.  In corn;

•   Hordein.   In rye;

•   Avenin.   In oats, but generally in very small amounts in rolled oats (unless cross-contaminated with other grains)

2. Agglutinins

What harm do agglutinins cause in the body?

Can cause inflammation and damage to intestinal wall;

Have ability to clump red blood cells together (i.e. agglutinate);

Which foods contain high levels of agglutinins?

GMO wheat, corn and soybeans are "designed" to have higher amounts of agglutinins in seed coats   (increases crop yield by countering fungal infections);

Agglutinins are prevalent in wheat germ, peanuts, cashews, kidney beans and soy beans; 

•  Concentration of agglutinins in different types of legumes varies dramatically.   They can be reduced in most beans by soaking PLUS high-heat boiling; However, wheat germ agglutinin (WGA) and agglutinins in soybeans, peanuts and kidney beans resist the degradation of their agglutinins by traditional food preparation methods. 

•   Refined wheat germ contains less WGA than unrefined. However, several wheat products still contain some active WGA:

Amount of active Wheat Germ Agglutinin (WGA) in commonly consumed wheat products
Wheat-Derived Products WGA μg/g (±SD) Reference Source
Wheat germ 300 (±35) Vincenzi et al.; 2000 [Ref]
Wheat germ 100-500 Peumans and Van Damme, 1996[Ref]
Flour * 4.3 (±0.7)-4.4 (±1.0)
Wholemeal flour * 29.5 (±2.5)-50 (±5.5)
Pasta * (uncooked) ≤ 0.4 (±0.2)-3.2 (±0.2)
Pasta (cooked) * ≤ 0.3 (±0.2)
Wholemeal pasta (enriched with wheat germ} (uncooked) 40 (±2.7)
Wholemeal pasta (enriched with wheat germ) (cooked) Not detectable
Wholemeal pasta * (uncooked) 0-5.7(±0.2)
Wholemeal pasta * (cooked) Not detectable
Breakfast cereals *
  (assessed by hemagglutination and bacterial agglutination assays)
13-53 Nachbar et al., 1980 PubMed
Ortega-Barria et al.,  1994 [PubMed]

* values obtained from multiple products and different manufacturers

Karin de Punder et al, The Dietary Intake of Wheat and other Cereal Grains and Their Role in Inflammation, Nutrients Mar 2013 5930; 771-787 PubMed 


Attend to Diet, Lifestyle & Emotional State

N E W  S T A R T S

C-Reactive Protein - Reliable Inflammation Marker
hot flame


Chronic low-level inflammation (CLII) involved in almost all health problems

How to treat CLII

Pulsed Electromagnetic Field Therapy (PEMFT)


       "The medical kit of the future"

The Body Electric

General electrotherapy health benefits.   Used systemically and/or locally at specific problem areas of the body, its effective application has many benefits:

Detoxification Wellness / Healthy aging Pain relief 
Relief from insomnia Immune system restoral Anti-Inflammatory
Maximizes cellular energy production Accelerated tissue /bone
/scar healing
Stress Reduction
Muscle relaxation / rehabilitation Increased blood oxygen
/ circulation

There are several reasonably affordable electrotherapy devices available for personal use. The following electrotherapies are those that have received a significant amount of positive feedback:

Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation (CES) applies specific frequency patterns to the head area, with the following benefits:

Balances neurotransmitters Relieves pain Treats depression
Substance abuse withdrawal Relieves insomnia Relieve stress / anxiety
Anti-Inflammatory Fibromyalgia +++