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Peripheral Neuropathy

Peripheral Neuropathy (PN) 

About PN

 

      Peripheral neuropathy (PN) results from damage to peripheral nerves that connect the central nervous system (CNS /Brain and Spinal cord) to the rest of the body for two-way communication – peripheral nerves branch out of the spinal cord to all parts of the body, providing a communication link between the brain and the muscles, skin, internal organs, and blood vessels. Damage to this communication network can cause the equivalent of static on a phone line:

 

 

PN – Neuron

 

-       Damage occurs to axons or myelin surrounding peripheral nerves – the axon is the “fiber-optic cable” of a neuron for transmitting messages from neuron body (soma) to make contact with other cells - usually neighboring neurons but sometimes muscle or gland cells.

 

-       PN damage can affect any or all of the nerves in:

 

(1)   Somatic Nervous System (Used for voluntary control)

 

         Sensory (afferent) nerves from body - receive and transmit sensations from the parts of the body to the brain, E.g. heat, pain or touch.

 

Damaged sensory nerves may:

 

   Stop relaying signals - resulting in numbness and pain (most often in hands and feet)

Or

   Send incorrect signals –  transmitting  sensations of pain, burning or tingling sensations (sometimes described as “pins and needles”) 

 

         Motor (efferent) nerves to muscles – send messages from the brain to the muscles to control movement.

 

Damaged motor nerves may:

 

   Impair movement and can lead to muscle weakness/wasting or even paralysis 

 

(2)   Autonomic Nervous System (Used for involuntary control)

 

         Sensory and motor nerves - control involuntary functions. E.g. blood pressure, heart rate, digestion and bladder function;

 

Damaged autonomic nerves may:

 

   Impair any involuntary function, depending on location of damage.

 

-       PN commonly starts in the longest nerves - i.e. those going to your toes;

 

-       PN may affect one to several nerves:

 

         Mononeuropathy - 1 nerve;

         Multiple mononeuropathy - 2 or more nerves in different areas;

         Polyneuropathy - many nerves.

 

-       If known, PN is classified according to cause or location -  for example:

 

         Diabetic neuropathy

         Nutritional neuropathy

         Radiculopathy - neuropathy resulting from pressure on/injury to a spinal nerve root (Radix) affecting nerve function. Radicular pain and other symptoms (weakness, numbness, pins and needles, lack of muscle control) may manifest as “referred” pain/symptoms in an extremity. E.g. Impingement in the lower back can result in pain/symptoms in the foot. Radiculopathy may be experienced in such as herniated disk, spinal stenosis (narrowing of spinal canal), sciatica and degenerative disk disease;

         Entrapment neuropathy – occurs when inflammation of connective tissue puts pressure on a nerve passing through it;

         Idiopathic neuropathy - when a cause cannot be identified;

 

 

HEALTH PROBLEM TREATMENT LINKS PERIPHERAL NEUROPATHY LINKS

  

 PERIPHERAL NEUROPATHY

RELATED LINKS

ABOUT

About PERIPHERAL NEUROPATHY

- Peripheral Nervous System 101

SYMPTOMS

Symptoms

CAUSES

Causes

TREATMENT

PN THERAPIES OVERVIEW

-  (1) Symptomatic Therapies to

     Counter and Control Inflammation

      –  Mainstream Medicine

      –  Alternative Therapies

-  (2) Remove Source of Damage

- (3) Support Healthy Nerves

            / Aid Peripheral Regeneration

 

 

Health Problem Treatment Chart

QUICK LINKS FOR SOME

 COMMON HEALTH PROBLEMS

ACNE

ALLERGIES

ASTHMA

AUTO IMMUNE DISEASE

BACTERIAL VAGINOSIS

C. DIFFICILE (Antibiotic-associated infection

CANCER

CANDIDIASIS

(Candida Albicans / Yeast Infection)

CARDIOVASCULAR (CVD) / HEART DISEASE/ HBP 

COMMON COLD and FLU

ESTROGEN DOMINANCE

FDB

FIBROMYALGIA

GASTROPARESIS

HEAD LICE

HEAVY METAL POISONING

HIRSUTISM

INSOMNIA

INTERSTITIAL CYSTITIS (IC)

KIDNEY DISEASE (CKD)

KIDNEY STONES

MIGRAINE

MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS (MS)

PETS – How to get rid of fleas

PARASITES

PCOS

PERIPHERAL NEUROPATHY

PLANTAR FASCIITIS

PREGNANCY/BABY

THYROID DISORDERS

URINARY TRACT INFECTION (UTI)

UTERINE FIBROIDS

VAGINAL YEAST INFECTION