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MINERALS What, why and WHere from?


Minerals are elements that originate in the Earth and cannot be made by living organisms

Plants obtain minerals from the soil - most of our dietary minerals come directly from plants or indirectly from animal sources. Soil mineral content varies geographically and by agricultural practices.

Minerals may be present in drinking water – tap water varies with geographic locale and bottled water by specific brand.

Major minerals

Considered major because they are required by the body in doses of 100 mg/day or greater  i.e. Greater than 0.01% of body weight.

Minerals are components in the structure of our bodies and help body systems work.

Calcium and phosphorous are the predominant minerals in the body.

–    7 Major minerals are required by the body:

✔ Chloride - obtain from Himalayan or Celtic sea salt

✔ Sodium - obtain from Himalayan or Celtic sea salt

✔ Phosphorus - obtain from meats and eggs

✔ Potassium - obtain from many foods, E.g. white potato, black and white beans, sweet potato, watermelon, tomato sauce, spinach, beets, plain (not Greek) yogurt, eggs, meats, vegetables and tea.

✔  Sulfur - obtain from eggs, meats, garlic and many other foods

Trace minerals (also called trace minerals / elements )

Required by the body in amounts of less than 100 mg/day; i.e. Less than 0.01% of body weight

Unrefined sea salt and Himalayan salt are the best sources of all the trace minerals

Minor minerals include fluoride, iron, zinc, selenium, chromium, cobalt, silicon, boron, copper, iodine, manganese, molybdenum, nickel, arsenic and vanadium.

Functions of trace minerals

✔   Absorption/utilization of many nutrients

✔   Aid essential activities of enzymes and hormones

✔   Cellular energy production


✔   Iron - major role in oxygen transport/storage; component of hemoglobin in red blood cells and muscle cells; supports immune function 

✔   Zinc - supports immune function ; aids INSULIN activity; essential in growth/development of sexual/reproductive organs; prevent oxidative damage.

✔   Iodine - needed for thyroid hormone production   



A mineral salt that can conduct electricity when dissolved in water (e.g., sodium, potassium, chloride).

Electrolyte Drink:

Including this drink with meals to aid digestion and also drink at other times in the day

✔ 1/4 teaspoon of Celtic or Himalayan sea salt

✔ Juice of 1/2 of a freshly squeezed lemon

✔ 6 oz. of filtered water

Supplementing Minerals

First note that food forms of minerals are the best way to add minerals to your diet

Foods do NOT naturally contain minerals bound to substances typically found in mineral supplements -  such as picolinic acid, carbonates, oxides, phosphates. 

Mineral supplements must be in forms that our bioavailable to the body - to determine which these are requires a little research into the studies available. You can not simply rely on the advertising and product label.

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