What are they?
Sugar alcohols (a.k.a polyols) are used as sweeteners and bulking agents. They occur naturally in plant products, such as fruits and berries. As a sugar substitute, they usually provide about 1/2 - 1/3 less calories than table sugar (0.24 - 3 calories / gram, compared to sugar's ~4 calories / gram).
Sugar alcohols prevent browning of heated foods
Metabolism / health effects of sugar alcohols
SA's are slowly and incompletely absorbed from the small intestine into the blood. SInce SA's are slowly converted to glucose, they have a lower glycemic impact and do not cause blood sugar spikes. However, eaten to excess they can still affect blood sugar levels and cause weight gain since they still contain some calories;
Possible bloating and diarrhea when eaten in excessive amounts. Since any non-absorbed SA continues on to the colon, where it is fermented by gut bacteria;
Once absorbed, sugar alcohols require little or no insulin to be metabolized.
Sugar alcohols vs. artificial sweeteners
Artificial sweeteners contain 0 calories, sugar alcohols contain a few calories
Which products typically use sugar alcohols?
Often labeled "sugar-free" , products containing sugar alcohols include: toothpaste, mouthwash, chewing gum (E.g. Trident® and Extra® ), hard candies, cookies, soft drinks, throat lozenges
Unlike sugar, sugar alcohols do not cause tooth decay
|The more common sugar alcohols|
Naturally in pears, melons, grapes,
fermentation-derived foods E.g. wine; soy sauce; cheese
|70%||0.24||Almost 0 calories;
Similar texture / bulk to sugar;
Less likely than other SA's
to cause diarrhea;
|Naturally in straw, corn cobs, fruit, vegetables, cereals,
mushrooms and some grains.
Used in chewing gums.
|Maltitol||Sugar-free hard candies, chewing gum,
chocolate-flavored desserts, baked goods, ice cream
|75%||Adds creamy texture|
|Mannitol||Naturally in pineapples, olives, asparagus, sweet potatoes
and carrots. Used in food manufacture
|50-70%||Extracted from seaweed;
Often causes bloating / diarrhea
|Sorbitol||Naturally in fruits and vegetables.
Used in sugar-free: gums; candies.
|50%||Made from corn syrup;
less likely SA to cause diarrhea
(>50g/day may cause diarrhea)
Sugar-free: ice cream; chocolate; hard and soft candies;
baked goods; sugar-reduced preserves;chewing gums
|Used in confections; baked goods; mouthwashes||40-90%||Made by partial hydrolysis of corn;
does not crystalize
|Isomalt||Used in hard candies; toffee; cough drops; lollipops||45-65%||Heat stable; absorbs little water|
*Sugar contains ~4 calories /g
Chronic low-level inflammation (CLII) involved in almost all health problems
"The medical kit of the future"
General electrotherapy health benefits. Used systemically and/or locally at specific problem areas of the body, its effective application has many benefits:
|Detoxification||Wellness / Healthy aging||Pain relief|
|Relief from insomnia||Immune system restoral||Anti-Inflammatory|
|Maximizes cellular energy production||Accelerated tissue /bone
|Muscle relaxation / rehabilitation||Increased blood oxygen
There are several reasonably affordable electrotherapy devices available for personal use. The following electrotherapies are those that have received a significant amount of positive feedback:
|Pulsed Electromagnetic Field (PEMF) therapy|
|Near Infrared (NIR) class 4 laser therapy|
Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation (CES) applies specific frequency patterns to the head area, with the following benefits:
|Balances neurotransmitters||Relieves pain||Treats depression|
|Substance abuse withdrawal||Relieves insomnia||Relieve stress / anxiety|