Study investigated the relationships between alcohol consumption and serum levels of sex steroids in women. TESTOSTERONE (T), ANDROSTENEDIONE (A4), DEHYDROEPIANDROSTERONE sulphate (DHEAS), ESTRONE (E1), ESTRADIOL (E2) and sex-hormone binding globulin (SHBG) in 790 pre- and 1,291 post-menopausal women, who were part of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC). Results supported the hypothesis of an influence of alcohol intake on sex hormone concentrations in blood:
- Pre-menopausal women. Those who consumed more than 25 g/day of alcohol had about 30% higher DHEAS, T and free T (fT), 20% higher ANDROSTENEDIONE and about 40% higher E1, concentrations compared to women who were non-consumers. E2, fE2 and SHBG concentrations showed no association with current alcohol intake.
- Post-menopausal women. Concentrations of DHEAS, fT, T, ANDROSTENEDIONE, and ESTRONE were between 10% and 20% higher in women who consumed more than 25 g/day of alcohol compared to non-consumers. E2 or fE2 were not associated with alcohol intake at all. SHBG levels were about 15% lower in alcohol consumers compared to non-consumers.
Rinaldi S et al, Relationship of alcohol intake and sex steroid concentrations in blood in pre- and post-menopausal women: the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition. Cancer Causes Control. 2006 Oct;17(8):1033-43. PubMed
In the U.S. 1 standard drink contains ~14g alcohol. E.g. 12oz beer, 5oz wine, 1.5oz spirit
Men's estradiol (E2) levels are significantly elevated proportional to their blood alcohol levels after drinking alcohol and speed of consumption. May be related to estrogenic content of beer and wine, and may account for feminization with chronic alcohol abuse. (Catharina J.Th. Couwenbergs (1988) Acute effects of drinking beer or wine on the steroid hormones of healthy men, Journal of Steroid Biochemistry, Volume 31, Issue 4, Part 1 Pages 467-473 Link )
Chronic low-level inflammation (CLII) involved in almost all health problems
"The medical kit of the future"
General electrotherapy health benefits. Used systemically and/or locally at specific problem areas of the body, its effective application has many benefits:
|Detoxification||Wellness / Healthy aging||Pain relief|
|Relief from insomnia||Immune system restoral||Anti-Inflammatory|
|Maximizes cellular energy production||Accelerated tissue /bone
|Muscle relaxation / rehabilitation||Increased blood oxygen
There are several reasonably affordable electrotherapy devices available for personal use. The following electrotherapies are those that have received a significant amount of positive feedback:
|Pulsed Electromagnetic Field (PEMF) therapy|
|Near Infrared (NIR) class 4 laser therapy|
Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation (CES) applies specific frequency patterns to the head area, with the following benefits:
|Balances neurotransmitters||Relieves pain||Treats depression|
|Substance abuse withdrawal||Relieves insomnia||Relieve stress / anxiety|