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Magnesium - "The Missing Mineral"

Magnesium Menubar
Magnesium has a major role in heart health / blood pressure

Magnesium has a  major role in heart health / blood pressure

Magnesium has a major role in heart health

All the usual risk factors for heart disease can be the result of low magnesium status. 

 E.g.  hypertension, high total cholesterol, low HDL cholesterol, high LDL cholesterol, high homocysteine, and high C-reactive protein. Recent studies show that high anxiety and depression (symptoms of human magnesium deficiency) can predict heart disease even more than the traditional risk factors.

As cofactor in Na/K-ATPase pumps, magnesium provides ATP energy for heart muscle cells.   These have an avid and constant need for energy.

Mg levels affect cardiac excitability, contraction, and conduction.    Intra- and extra-cellular magnesium levels playan important role via their regulatory effects on intracellular calcium movement in heart muscle cells;

Chronic high blood pressure can be caused both directly and indirectly by a magnesium deficiency

Low cellular magnesium impedes a healthy sodium to potassium ratio.   This is necessary for normal blood pressure.

Low magnesium : High calcium in blood vessel muscle cells cause them to contract, resulting in high blood pressure.   Mg levels determine vasoconstriction or vasodilation via its powerful role in calcium cycling in smooth muscle of blood vessels:

-   Higher magnesium levels inside muscle cells produce a relaxing or vasodilating effect

-   Low Mg concentrations inside muscle cells is vasconstricting.  A potential cause of hypertension;

Magnesium protects the heart from the negative effects of excess calcium.      Mg blocks calcium entry into cardiac (heart) cells and vascular smooth muscle cells, reducing vascular resistance and naturally lowering blood pressure.

Magnesium may act as an anti-arrhythmic agent

Magnesium limits intracellular calcium overload triggered during myocardial ischemia    This may be a cause of ventricular arrhythmia; Deranged intra- and extracellular concentrations of magnesium , calcium and potassium can manifest as cardiac arrhythmia

Magnesium deficiency has been implicated and documented in humans.   In atrial fibrillation, supraventricular tachycardia, torsade de pointes, ventricular ectopy, ventricular tachycardias, and toxic digitalis arrhythmias. Whang R; Magnesium deficiency -pathogenesis, prevalence, and clinical applications, Am J Med 82:24, 1987

Magnesium has an antioxidant role

Magnesium has an antioxidant role protecting against production of inflammatory cytokines and ROS.   Involved with many degenerative diseases

-   Cardiac muscle necrosis and lesions were demonstrated in animals fed magnesium-deficient diets.     Necrosis/lesions were consequential to ROS originating from activation of immune system cells

Weglicki WB et al; Role of free radicals and substance P in magnesium deficiency, Cardiovasc Res 31:677, 1996.

Weglecki WB, Philips TM, Pathobiology of magnesium deficiency -a cytokine neurogenic inflammation hypothesis, Am J. Physiology, 263:R734, 1992.

Weglicki WB et al, Cytokines, neuropeptides, and reperfusion injury during magnesium deficiency, Ann NY Acad Sci 723:246, 1994.

-   Increased susceptibility to ischemic / reperfusion injury of heart shown in animals fed Mg -deficient diets.     Reperfusion injuryis tissuedamage caused by returning bloodsupply after a period ofischemia (restricted blood supply), which results in inflammation and oxidative damage rather than restoration of normal function.

Weglicki WB et al, Cytokines, neuropeptides, and reperfusion injury during magnesium deficiency, Ann NY Acad Sci 723:246, 1994

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       "The medical kit of the future"

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General electrotherapy health benefits.   Used systemically and/or locally at specific problem areas of the body, its effective application has many benefits:

Detoxification Wellness / Healthy aging Pain relief 
Relief from insomnia Immune system restoral Anti-Inflammatory
Maximizes cellular energy production Accelerated tissue /bone
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Stress Reduction
Muscle relaxation / rehabilitation Increased blood oxygen
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There are several reasonably affordable electrotherapy devices available for personal use. The following electrotherapies are those that have received a significant amount of positive feedback:

Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation (CES) applies specific frequency patterns to the head area, with the following benefits:

Balances neurotransmitters Relieves pain Treats depression
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Anti-Inflammatory Fibromyalgia +++