Eat only moderate amounts of ORGANIC soy and flax
Avoid concentrated soy products. In fast food meals and other processed foods, protein powders, bars, and soymilk. Also note that >90% of U.S. soy is genetically modified and showing detrimental effects on our reproductive and immune systems.
Minimize caffeine in tea, coffee, soft drinks etc. Caffeine is a CNS stimulant linked to higher estrogen levels. Studies have shown that women who consumed > 500 mg of caffeine daily (~4 or 5 cups of coffee, had ~70% more estrogen during the early follicular phase than women who consume < 100 mg of caffeine daily (~ 1 cup of coffee).Fertility and Sterility 2001;76:723-729.
Estrogen-containing medications. Includes estrogen-containing drugs (E.g. Hormone Replacement Therapy, Birth Control pills, steroids, ulcer medications (e.g. cimetidine), some antibiotics (E.g. tetracycline, ampicillin), anti-fungal medications and antidepressants.
The aromatase enzyme is required to facilitate the conversion of TESTOSTERONE or ANDROSTENEDIONE to estrogen in the ovaries of reproductive age women, male testes, or adipose tissue from older or obese men or women.
Reducing body fat decreases aromatase ▼ production by adipose tissue
• Fruits: Berries, citrus fruits, pears, pineapples, grapes, melons, figs, pomegranates, but NOT apples, cherries, dates
• Vegetables: Green beans, squashes, onions
• Grains: millet, corn, tapioca, rice, flour
Increasing body's PROGESTERONE inhibits ▼ the transcription of the aromatase gene. By interaction with the glucocorticoid receptor in adipose tissue in a dose-dependent manner. The absence of PROGESTERONE receptors in adipose fibroblasts enables PROGESTERONE to inhibit glucocorticoid-dependent aromatase induction. It is proposed that it is a suppressor of aromatase induction in adipose tissue in premenopausal women.
Zinc. A natural aromatase inhibitor ▼
Pomegranate. Ellagitannins (Ellagic acid) found in pomegranates inhibit aromatase; Urolithin B, a metabolite produced from ellagic acid, significantly inhibited cell growth in estrogen-responsive cancers.
Flavones and Isoflavones. Shown to be aromatase inhibitors;
- White Button Mushrooms
Grube, Baiba J, White button mushroom phytochemicals inhibit aromatase activity and breast cancer cell proliferation. J. of Nutr., 2001;
Chen S et al, Anti-aromatase activity of phytochemicals in white button mushrooms (Agaricus bisporus)", Cancer Res. ,2006
- Chrysin + Piperine. Chrysin is a non-estrogenic flavone derived from the Passiflora plant (passion flower) and found in honeycomb in small amounts, has not proved to be an effective aromatase inhibitor when taken (orally) alone. A 1999 study [Biochemical Pharmacology, 1999, Vol.58]identified chrysin's poor absorption in the bloodstream. However, pilot studies have found that when chrysin is combined with piperine, reductions in serum ESTRADIOL and increases in total and free TESTOSTERONE result in 30 days. Chrysin may also work as an aromatase inhibitor if taken in combination with citrus bioflavanoids, the way they appear in nature. To be effective alone, chrysin needs to be absorbed topically in a cream, or absorbed through mouth mucosa by sucking a lozenge.
- Luteolin. Most often found in leaves, but also in celery, thyme, green pepper, perilla, chamomile tea, carrots, olive oil, peppermint, rosemary, oregano, dandelion, rinds,barks, clover blossom and ragweed pollen. Also isolated from Salvia tomentosa.
- Kaempferol. Natural flavonoid has been isolated from tea, broccoli, Brussels and apples; extracted from delphinium, witch-hazel and grapefruit, but requires high concentration for anti-aromatase effect not likely achieved except via extraction.
- Quercetin. In red wine, inhibits aromatase;
- Soy isoflavones. Specifically genistein and daidzen are known to be potent aromatase inhibitors. Soy isoflavones at moderate doses are mildly estrogenic by binding to the ESTRADIOL receptors in the tissues and thus blocking ESTRADIOL (the more potent estrogen hormone). Also, soy isoflavone supplementation was shown to significantly increase sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG, the protein that binds /inactivates estrogen in the blood) in postmenopausal women with low initial SHBG levels, thereby reducing free estrogen.
Dietary Isoflavones Affect SHBG Levels in Postmenopausal Women, Pino AM et al, J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 2000 85: 2797-2800, doi: 10.1210/jc.85.8.2797
However, HIGH soy isoflavone intake will have an estrogenic effect and researchers From the University of Illinois, Virginia Polytechnic and State University and the National Center for Toxicological Research, article in the journal Carcinogenesis found that when patients taking a drug used against estrogen-dependent breast cancer also took genistein, it reduced the effectiveness of the drug. i.e. tumors began to grow again, growing fastest at the highest doses of genistein.
- Combination of Citrus bioflavonoids + Soy Flavones. Experiments conducted in Italy have shown that combining citrus bioflavonoids with soy flavones creates a more powerful defense against estrogen than taking soy flavones or citrus flavonoids alone.Citrus flavonoids are abundant in the white, spongy layer of citrus peels.
Flaxseed lignans may be anti-aromatase. Flaxseed lignans are found in the fibrous part of flaxseed, and according to Udo Erasmus phD, a leading expert on fats, they contain anti-estrogenic properties.It's unclear whether they work by solely blocking estrogen receptors, or by blocking the aromatase enzyme as well.However, lignans have shown positive results as a natural aid against estrogen-related problems.The best, natural source of flaxseed lignans is ground flaxseed (i.e. flaxmeal).
Stinging nettle (extract) is anti-aromatase:
- Aphrodisiac effect on men by increasing the level of free TESTOSTERONE in the blood. Contain compounds that bind to SHBG, reducing the binding of TESTOSTERONE to SHBG;
- Blocks binding of growth-stimulating Estrogen to prostate cells. Useful in treating benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH);
- Natural aid for women who suffer from Estrogen-related stubborn fat.
Resveratrol. A partial ER agonist (i.e. activates ER receptors), and yet acts as an ER antagonist in the presence of estrogen leading to inhibition of human breast cancer cells.
One of MELATONIN's roles is the reduction of estrogen production in the body. Probably also reduces the number of estrogen receptors (ERs). MELATONIN is produced in total darkness (usually during sleep) and is significantly reduced by excessive exposure to light (including late night TV viewing).
Supplementing boron raises estrogen levels. Even at the typical supplementation dose level of 3mg, boron can increase estrogen production in the body. High levels of boron also affect the absorption of calcium, magnesium, and phosphorus.
Collins, J. 2000. What's your menopause type? Prima Health, Roseville, Calif.
Reducing xenoestrogen levels in the body is a long term process achieved by reducing xenoestrogen exposure
• An estrogen-dominant body tries to compensate by desensitizing its estrogen receptors, making them less sensitive to estrogen - However, because natural PROGESTERONE re-sensitizes the estrogen receptors to normal sensitivity, if one uses natural PROGESTERONE without first getting rid of exposure to xenoestrogens / excess phytoestrogens symptoms would likely get worse (E.g. cysts get bigger, breasts become sorer, more bloating and fat gain around the middle).
• Be patient - After cutting out xenoestrogens (and excess phytoestrogens), it takes about 1-3 months, for these “undesireables” to leave the body.
Some examples given here, but for more details, see:
Avoid. #3 Vinyl/PVC and #7 OTHER (usually polycarbonate), which are estrogenic.
OK-Non-Estrogen ic plastics. PETE, HDPE, LDPE, Polypropolene and Polystyrene do NOT contain phthalates or use BPA during production (polymerization) or package-forming.
Do not use PVC bottle nipples or teethers
Throw out PVC (squeezy) toys
Use powdered baby formula instead of cans. To reduce Biphenol-A exposure; breast-milk is the best choice.
Preferably eat organic meat and produce / wash fruit and vegetables. The feed of non-organically raised animals contain hormone-disrupting toxins including pesticides, herbicides, synthetic or “bio-solid”(recycled human excrement) fertilizers, antibiotics, and drugs to combat disease when so many animals are packed closely together. Produce with the most pesticides reported in A Shopper's Guide to Pesticides in Produce, include strawberries (contain vinclozolin, a known endocrine disruptor), bell peppers, peaches, apples, apricots, and spinach. Foods with the least amount of pesticides include avocados, corn, onions, sweet potatoes, bananas, green onions, broccoli, and cauliflower.
Trim fat from meat and skin from poultry and fish that tend to store toxins
Use rBGH-free milk and dairy / Eat growth hormone-free meat. Estrogenic growth hormones are commonly injected into and fed to livestock
Moderate coffee/tea drinking. To limit estrogenic caffeine intake;
Home filter your water to remove hormones. E.g. synthetic estrogens from the urine of women taking HRT and birth control pills that are flushed down the toilet, eventually finding their way back into our water and food supply.
Store/Heat food and liquids in glass or ceramics. Heated #3 plastics leach very quickly into food; most food-services use plasticized #3 cling-wrap containing phthalates.
Choose packaged goods in glass or paper containers
Eat mostly fresh foods. Cut back on processed and pre-packaged foods in general;
Don't overheat Teflon pan (preferably don't use at all). If its smoking it's poisoning you;
Eat wild fish. Less contaminated than farmed fish; choose an effective Omega-3 supplement uncontaminated by PCBs, dioxins and mercury;
Use natural soap, shampoo, toothpaste, anti-perspirant, lotions, perfumes and other toiletries. Check out this site for help choosing personal care products;
Nail polish and remover. Acetone is a xenoestrogenic solvent;
Use condoms without spermicide (xenoestrogenic) for birth control. Instead of birth control pills;
• Use non-toxic, environmentally safe, “green” detergents, fabric softeners, dishwashing detergent, cleaning products
• Avoid artificial air-fresheners - use essential oils in a diffuser or lightly heated;
• Avoid lawn and garden sprays, indoor insect sprays - use natural herbicide/pesticide control, such as grapefruit seed extract, hydrogen peroxide,1 Cup salt in 1 gallon of vinegar, or other alternatives;
• Minimize exposure to synthetic chemical solvents - E.g. methanol, aldehydes, ketones in paints, paint remover, varnishes, glues, cleaning products, carpet, fiberboard, other processed woods;
• Don't dry-clean clothes or use fragranced dryer sheets
• Replace vinyl shower curtain with fabric one
• Don't use vinyl wallpaper
• Replace Teflon pots/pans with ceramic, glass or stainless steel cookware
The liver eliminates estrogens through bile and urine. To promote sufficient bile flow and enable the liver to metabolize and clear estrogen effectively, one should cleanse the liver:
- Use liver cleansing substances
• Herbs -milk thistle, dandelion root;
• Combination of Chinese Bitters(before breakfast) + Coptis. Eliminate estrogens. Coptis is an effective bile stimulator.
- Daily morning exercises. E.g. stretching and deep breathing can also help by "activating" the liver.
- Avoid drugs, alcohol, toxins, which impair liver function. The liver's ability to cleanse the blood of estrogen is compromised when the liver has to work hard to eliminate toxins. The use of anabolic steroids, marijuana, cocaine, caffeine and other drugs or environmental agents can affect hormone levels. Excessive alcohol intake can increase the body's conversion of TESTOSTERONE into estrogen, especially in fat cells. It can also block the liver from effectively breaking down/eliminating excess estrogen.
- Decreased clearance rate of estrogens by the liver could be due to organic lesions such as cyrrhosis
B vitamins (B6 in particular) and Magnesium have important roles in estrogen metabolism/clearance by the liver. i.e. a deficiency in either reduces liver's estrogen clearance rate.
Phytoestrogens mimic body estrogens. The similarities, at molecular level, of body-produced estrogen with its corresponding plant version, allow them to mildly mimic and sometimes act as antagonists of the hormone
How much dietary phytohormone content is good for You? An epidemiological study of women in the U.S. found that the dietary intake of phytoestrogens in healthy post-menopausal caucasian women is < 1 mg/day.
de Kleijn MJ, van der Schouw YT, Wilson PW, Adlercreutz H, Mazur W, Grobbee DE, Jacques PF. Intake of dietary phytoestrogens is low in postmenopausal women in the United States: the Framingham study(1-4). J Nutr. 2001 Jun;131(6):1826-32. PubMed
Some plant constituents mildly mimic estrogen by binding to their receptors (ERs). This function can be utilized to reduce the effect of estrogen . Phytoestrogens are able to “dock” onto the estrogen receptor (ER), but produce a weaker response than estrogen
- Phytoestrogenic foods should only be consumed in moderate amounts:
• Beans, flaxseed and soy
- Herbs with estrogenic action. The six highest commonly used ER-binding herbs:
• Licorice, red clover, thyme, turmeric, hops, and verbena
Fulvestrant (Faslodex®). Eliminates the estrogen receptor;
Tamoxifen and toremifene (Fareston). Work by temporarily blocking estrogen receptors on breast cancer cells, preventing estrogen from binding to them.
Chronic low-level inflammation (CLII) involved in almost all health problems
"The medical kit of the future"
General electrotherapy health benefits. Used systemically and/or locally at specific problem areas of the body, its effective application has many benefits:
|Detoxification||Wellness / Healthy aging||Pain relief|
|Relief from insomnia||Immune system restoral||Anti-Inflammatory|
|Maximizes cellular energy production||Accelerated tissue /bone
|Muscle relaxation / rehabilitation||Increased blood oxygen
There are several reasonably affordable electrotherapy devices available for personal use. The following electrotherapies are those that have received a significant amount of positive feedback:
|Pulsed Electromagnetic Field (PEMF) therapy|
|Near Infrared (NIR) class 4 laser therapy|
Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation (CES) applies specific frequency patterns to the head area, with the following benefits:
|Balances neurotransmitters||Relieves pain||Treats depression|
|Substance abuse withdrawal||Relieves insomnia||Relieve stress / anxiety|